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  • Mehmet Eren Aksu

Things to Know for Prostate Health

Güncelleme tarihi: 23 Tem 2022

Question: What is the prostate, where is it located?

The word prostate comes from the word “prostates”, which is a word of Greek origin. It means standing in front, guard and protector. It is a reproductive gland found only in men.The size of a normal prostate in a healthy man is approximately the size of a large walnut. The weight of the prostate is Dec 10 and 20 grams. It is located at the base of the urinary bag and also surrounds the urinary canal.

Question: What is the task of the prostate, who does not have a prostate?

The prostate gland protects the sperm (male seed cell), which is the reproductive cell of a man with reproductive function, from environmental factors and provides optimal conditions for fertilization. It protects the environment in which the sperm is located from the acidic environment in the vagina by making it alkaline and causing it to live longer. All men who produce Testosterone, a male hormone, have a prostate. If there is no testosterone, the prostate cannot develop, it remains inactive.

Question: Why does the prostate grow?

The prostate, which remains constant after birth; it grows with a change in the hormonal structure in adolescence and reaches its normal size at the age of 20. the prostate, which remains at its normal size from the age of 20 until the age of 40, begins to grow again after the age of 40. This second growth, which is an undesirable growth, is due to the contribution of a changed hormonal structure and genetic infrastructure.

Question: What are the most common diseases of the prostate?

The most common diseases of the prostate are BPH(benign prostatic enlargement), Prostate cancer, and Prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate). These three diseases can also cause urinary complaints such as nighttime urination, frequent urination, burning in the urine, and inability to fully empty it. Rarely, he may have ejaculation-ejaculation problems or bleeding. BPH(benign prostatic enlargement) and Prostate cancer occur in the over-40 age group, while prostatitis is a disease of younger men.

Question: What is PSA?

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is the most commonly used parameter in the diagnosis of prostate diseases. PSA, a protein produced only by the prostate in the body, increases by passing into the blood during prostate diseases. Therefore, any disruption that may occur in the prostate tissue also causes an increase in PSA. These Dec inflammation of the prostate, prostate cancer, and benign enlargement of the prostate.

Question: Why prostate diseases is scray??

Prostate diseases, the most common group of diseases in men around the world, are more common as prostate infections at a young age, while after the age of 50, they are more common as benign prostatic enlargement (BPH) or prostate cancer (Pca).

With the rapid aging of the population, we are starting to see BPH and especially prostate cancer more often. Prostate cancer is currently the most common cancer in men and ranks second behind lung cancer in the ranking of deaths. Therefore, it is becoming a very important social and medical problem in the recumbent society. almost half of men after the age of 50 have problems with urination, which affects the quality of life.

Question: What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer usually has no symptoms at an early stage of the disease. In advanced stages of the disease, painful urination can give symptoms such as difficulty urinating, bleeding in the urine. In more advanced stages, symptoms appear according to the organ where the cancer is jumping. The most common symptoms of advanced protate cancer are widespread bone pain. Because it does not give symptoms at an early stage, early detection of prostate cancer is only possible with a regular check-up.

Question: What should we do to protect ourselves from prostate diseases ?

As the world's population ages, there will also be an increase in the number of people who need treatment for prostate diseases. benign prostatic enlargement is present in 75% of 80-year-old men. If we have urinary tract complaints, we should contact a urologist. If we have a first-degree relative with prostate disease in the family after the age of 40, or after the age of 50, we should have a prostate checkup once a year.

In addition, the Mediterranean diet, excessive consumption of red vegetables and fruits, and adequate Vitamin D intake contain protective properties for prostate diseases.

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Question: What are the new developments in the treatment of prostate diseases?

There are many treatment alternatives for prostate diseases. Lifestyle regulation, if necessary, drug therapy is one of the simplest and basic methods of treatment. In addition, technological new developments such as high-energy laser systems (such as green light), high-frequency sound waves (HIFU) and cryotherapy can be used to perform prostate operations using methods such as cryotherapy. In the treatment of prostate cancer, the chances of success have increased significantly with the use of new drugs and, in particular, robotic systems.

Question: What are the true and false facts?

Nowadays, with the widespread use of the Internet, it has become very easy to access information now. At the same time, many untrue, unproven information causes confusion. I will summarize a few of them; There is no difference between urinating sitting or standing in terms of the prostate. A first relationship between the frequency of sexual intercourse and prostate diseases has not been shown Dec Prostate diseases can also be seen without complaints of urination.

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